THE SIGNIFICANCE OF COLOURS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
Imagine the world in just two shades: black and white. Sounds boring, doesn’t it? Colour is an important attribute of an object. Of many things and details that are used to describe an object, living or non-living, colour plays a significant role.
COLOURS AND CHILDREN
A newborn baby has absolutely no sense of colours. The first three months are black and white and the distance to which they can see is short. But as they develop, their eyes see more and begin to recognize the bright colours. Between the age of three months to six, they start acknowledging bright colours like red and yellow. Introducing them to colours is important for their aesthetic and cognitive development. As they move to the nine-month mark, the colour vision improves significantly and they can distinguish between different colours. And they continue to show their preference for bright ones.As they start to speak and express themselves in further years they learn the colours and also start to learn from them.
COLOURS AND LEARNING
Colours are energy. Being a part of the electromagnetic spectrum, they have the power to help connect the neuro-pathways of the brain. They also induce physical reactions.
Colours and learning are intertwined. Using colors in learning helps to improve memory and retain the information. Colours are how kids start recognizing objects by associating a colour with the object they are to learn. So it is always a red apple, blue sky, green grass, yellow banana and other such coloured objects for them.
Kids start to colour even before they start to write or scribble. Colours are an excellent way to start their education. Even before they start learning the alphabets, spellings and writing, they recognize an object by their shape and colour.Draw an orange circle and any preschooler will tell you that it’s an orange. Draw a yellow circle with lines around it and the immediate answer will be the sun. That is how kids start to learn. This association of Colours and objects is the first thing they learn in order to identify and distinguish different objects. A brightly painted alphabet A will be better recognized than a plain pencil drawn handwritten alphabet A.
Colours help them in sorting objects too. They can easily sort out objects which are of same colour.This further takes them to counting and logical reasoning.
We all know that Colours can impact our mood. Children are affected by it even more than we can imagine. How many times have you as a parent turned to a box of crayons to soothe a crying child? Colours, especially the warm and bright ones impact early childhood education. A successful pre-school acknowledges this factor and uses the colours to enhance the kid’s learning experience. According to colour therapy, various colours can be used in various rooms and ways to create a healthy and pro-learning environment in a preschool. Use of red and yellow Colours in a room helps to increase the attention; encourages creativity. If you have a cafeteria, red and orange would be the perfect colour to boost the appetite of those young ones. Blue and green should be the perfect choice in a nap room if you happen to have one in the preschool.
Colours are important tools for learning when it comes to early childhood education. Recognizing their power and using them to optimize the learning experience of preschoolers can be a huge bonus for a preschool.Using different colours in the same room and throughout the school premises can significantly improve the cognitive and aesthetic skills of preschoolers.